CULTURE

The Philippines is a country off the coast of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean, consisting of about 7,000+ islands. Due to the Spanish, Japanese, and Americans conquering the islands at different periods of time, the Philippines is an intense melting pot of different cultures! With various different dialects within the language, a multitude of religions, and even different cultures within the 3 regions of the country, filipino culture is really interesting to learn about!

     The culture is an important part to teach our members as it is the backbone of our whole organization. We hope to be able to teach our culture to our members and spread knowledge of the Philippines, so they can also spread and use the valuable information outside of our organization!

 

     Any info on the Filipino Culture or the Philippines can be found on this page.

1ST MEETING:

THE BASICS

Tagalog Phrase of the Week: "Mabuhay"= to live, be alive

Flag:

 

 

 

 

 

The Philippine Eagle:

 

 

The Map:

 

 

 

 

 

The Currency: Pesos

2ND MEETING:

TRANSPORTATION

3 Types:

1.) Jeepney

  • upcycled jeeps left by Americans during WWII

  •  designated routes

  • started in Manila & spread

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.) Tricycle

  • motorcycle + built in side car
  • like an open tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.) Motorela

  • the “mini Jeepney

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3RD MEETING:

RESPECT

  • T

    agalog phrase of the week: “magandang umaga/gabi” = good morning/night

  • Pagmamano or “Mano” is a hand gesture used as a sign of respect to elders and to request a blessing from the elder.

  • S

    imilar to hand-kissing

  • done with the right hand

  • "Mano po?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4TH MEETING:

FOOD

Meryenda

  • 1 after breakfast/second breakfast

  • 1 after lunch/“afternoon tea”

  • comes from the Spanish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kamayan

  • eating with hands

  • kamayan feast

  • boodle fight

  • comes from military style of eating

  • comes from the Americans

 

 

 

 

 

RANDOM CULTURAL FACT OF THE WEEK:
Filipinos often point using their lips and raise their eyebrows.
“yun o”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5TH GENERAL MEETING:

EDUCATION SYSTEM

 

Up until 2011…


Primary school “Paaralang Elementarya” = Grades 1-6
- Primary
- Intermediate

Secondary school “Paaraland Sekundarya” = Grades 7-10
- Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, Senior

Now as part of the education reform, there is 12 grades as well as kindergarten which are all required by law

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAGALOG PHRASE OF THE WEEK:
“Salamat” or “Salamat po”= Thank you
“Walang anuman” = You’re welcome

 

6TH GENERAL MEETING:

HALLOWEEN IN THE PHILIPPINES

  • All Saints’ Day (November 1st) - “Undas”

  • All Souls’ Day “Araw ng mga Patay” = Day of the Dead

- Traditionally observed by visiting the dead (family) to clean and repair their tombs

- Offerings: flowers, candles, prayers, food

- Followed by reunions in the cemetery, having feasts and celebrating

  • Trick or Treat during Undas

- From spanish “honras” meaning honors
- Pre-colonial tradition called “pangangaluwa”
- From "kaluluwa" or spirit double

7TH GENERAL MEETING:

DEBUT

 

  • 18th birthday

  • C

    elebrates the coming-of-age

  • P

    romotes togetherness, unity, and family, several ideals that are present in Filipino culture

  • T

    raditions: 18 candles, 18 roses, 18 treasures, cotillion (court)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAGALOG PHRASE OF THE WEEK:
“Maligayang Araw ng Pasasalamat” = Happy Thanksgiving Day
*Thanksgiving no longer celebrated in the Philippines*
1

8TH GENERAL MEETING:

CHRISTMAS IN THE PHILIPPINES

  • The most favorite holiday of Filipinos

- Start as early as September

 

  • Simbang Gabi

- Series of 9 dawn masses leading up to Christmas, the last being on Christmas day
- Similar to Misa de Gallo in Spain
mix of western & native traditions
- Santa, Christmas trees, Christmas cards, & Christmas carols
- Parol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FILIPINO PHRASES OF THE WEEK:
“Maligayang Pasko!” = Tagalog
“Malipayon nag Pascua” = Ilonggo
“Maayong Pasko” = Cebuano
“Maupay Nga Paska” = Warey Warey

9TH GENERAL MEETINGS:

NEW YEAR TRADITIONS

  • highly superstitious

  • many bear strong Chinese influence

  • must follow to ensure the new year will be a prosperous one

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAGALOG WORD OF THE WEEK:
“sarap” / “masarap” = yummy or delicious! (food)

10TH GENERAL MEETING:

PRE-COLONIAL WEDDING CUSTOMS

  • weddings are held for 3 days

  • officiated by a babaylan (tribal priest/priestess)

  • ceremony was held in the house of the babaylan

  • 1st day: the babaylan blesses them, while their hands are joined over a container of uncooked rice

  • 3rd day: the priest would prick their chests to draw a small amount of blood, which will be placed on a container to be mixed with water. Announces their love for each other 3 times, then eat the cooked rice from a single container. Afterwards, they drink the water that was mixed with their blood. The priest proclaimed that they are officially wed after their necks and hands were bound by a cord

  • symbolizes a fusion of not 2 individuals but 2 families/2 clans

  • wedding customs changed due to Spanish colonialism and Christian/Catholic influence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NEWS: TAAL VOLCANIC ERUPTION
- on January 12, 2020 there was an eruption from Taal Volcano
- considered a Alert Level 4 threat
- spewed ashes to Manila, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, and many other surrounding areas
- didn’t downgrade to a Level 3 threat until January 26

 

 

 

 

 

TAGALOG PHRASE OF THE WEEK:
“sandali lang/saglit po” = “just a moment” or “just a second”

1TH GENERAL MEETING:

FILIPINO WEDDINGS

 

  • “pamanhikan” = parental marriage proposal

  • attire: Barong Tagalog (groom) & Filipiniana (bride)

  • ceremony: sponsors, Coin/Veil/Cord/Candle ceremonies

  • wedding reception: Money Dance or other folk dance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAGALOG PHRASE OF THE WEEK:
“mahal kita” = "I love you"

©2016 by Filipino Student Association at Texas State University