CULTURE

The Philippines is a country off the coast of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean, consisting of about 7,000+ islands. Due to the Spanish, Japanese, and Americans conquering the islands at different periods of time, the Philippines is an intense melting pot of different cultures! With various different dialects within the language, a multitude of religions, and even different cultures within the 3 regions of the country, filipino culture is really interesting to learn about!

     The culture is an important part to teach our members as it is the backbone of our whole organization. We hope to be able to teach our culture to our members and spread knowledge of the Philippines, so they can also spread and use the valuable information outside of our organization!

 

     Any info on the Filipino Culture or the Philippines can be found on this page.

1ST MEETING:

THE BASICS

Tagalog Phrase of the Week: "Mabuhay"= to live, be alive

Flag:

 

 

 

 

 

The Philippine Eagle:

 

 

The Map:

 

 

 

 

 

The Currency: Pesos

2ND MEETING:

TRANSPORTATION

3 Types:

1.) Jeepney

  • upcycled jeeps left by Americans during WWII

  •  designated routes

  • started in Manila & spread

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.) Tricycle

  • motorcycle + built in side car
  • like an open tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.) Motorela

  • the “mini Jeepney

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3RD MEETING:

RESPECT

  • T

    agalog phrase of the week: “magandang umaga/gabi” = good morning/night

  • Pagmamano or “Mano” is a hand gesture used as a sign of respect to elders and to request a blessing from the elder.

  • S

    imilar to hand-kissing

  • done with the right hand

  • "Mano po?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4TH MEETING:

FOOD

Meryenda

  • 1 after breakfast/second breakfast

  • 1 after lunch/“afternoon tea”

  • comes from the Spanish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kamayan

  • eating with hands

  • kamayan feast

  • boodle fight

  • comes from military style of eating

  • comes from the Americans

 

 

 

 

 

RANDOM CULTURAL FACT OF THE WEEK:
Filipinos often point using their lips and raise their eyebrows.
“yun o”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5TH GENERAL MEETING:

EDUCATION SYSTEM

 

Up until 2011…


Primary school “Paaralang Elementarya” = grades 1-6
- primary
- intermediate

Secondary school “Paaraland Sekundarya” = grades 7-10
- freshman, sophomore, junior, senior

Now as part of the education reform, there is 12 grades as well as kindergarten which are all required by law

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAGALOG PHRASE OF THE WEEK:
“salamat” or “salamat po”= thank you
“walang anuman” = you’re welcome

 

6TH GENERAL MEETING:

HALLOWEEN IN THE PHILIPPINES

  • All Saints’ Day (November 1st) - “Undas”

  • All Souls’ Day “Araw ng mga Patay” = Day of the Dead

- traditionally observed by visiting the dead (family) to clean and repair their tombs

- offerings: flowers, candles, prayers, food

- followed by reunions in the cemetery, having feasts and celebrating

  • Trick or Treat during Undas

- from spanish “honras” meaning honors
- pre-colonial tradition called “pangangaluwa”
- from "kaluluwa" or spirit double

©2016 by Filipino Student Association at Texas State University